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The University of Chicago Medicine - Comer Children's Hospital

Types of Pediatric Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

There are many different types of pediatric brain and spinal cord tumors. They can be benign or malignant. Although benign brain tumors are not cancerous, they may cause serious issues and can be difficult to treat. Malignant brain tumors have additional challenges, as the cancerous cells may invade into adjacent parts of the brain and can spread to other parts of the central nervous system.

The most common types of pediatric brain and spinal cord tumors are listed below. However, our specialists have expertise in diagnosing and treating a wide range of tumors, including those not listed here.

  • Astrocytoma
  • Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRT)
  • Brain metastases
  • Choroid plexus tumors
  • CNS lymphoma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Cysts
  • Ependymoma
  • Germ cell tumors
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Gliomas
  • Juvenile Pilocytic Astrocytoma (JPA)
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Meningioma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Neurofibromatosis related tumors
  • Oligoastrocytoma
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Pineoblastoma and other pineal tumors
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET)
  • Schwannoma
  • Vascular anomalies

Learn more about how our experts diagnose and treat brain and spinal cord tumors in children.