A normal breathing pattern draws air through the nose or mouth into the trachea and then the lungs. The lungs take in oxygen from the air when inhaling and eliminate carbon dioxide when exhaling. Breathing may become difficult because:
- There is an obstruction or narrowing in the windpipe or throat.
- Your child has difficulty getting rid of mucus and secretions.
- Your child has been on a ventilator for a long time.
If any of the above occurs, your child may need a tracheostomy to breathe.